Review of the actual issue

The first issue of the international scientific and practical journal “Law and Digital Economy” has been published in 2023.

The first article of the issue is “Foreign experience in using patent pools as one of the tools of a patent strategy that facilitates access to patented technologies” by G.P. Ivlieva, T.N. Erivantseva, V.O. Kalyatin. and Zubov Yu.S. This article discusses one of the options for constructing patent strategies. Various aspects of foreign practice in the functioning of patent pools, the experience of their legislative regulation, as well as the main results of theoretical understanding by foreign analysts are described.

Article by Molchanov S.N. and Kuchuk M.A. is devoted to the peculiarities of the legal regulation of higher education in Italy in the era of digitalization. The article examines the evolution of the reform agenda, which is reflected in the key regulatory legal acts of the Italian Republic, and the influence on it of such trends of the globalizing world as the unification of educational systems in the European Union and digitalization. The current state of Italian higher education is analyzed after almost thirty years of large-scale transformations. The authors come to the conclusion that efforts to level out the objective weaknesses of the Italian educational system through the active implementation of Bologna standards and market strategies have not justified.

The topic of Feng Chong’s article is the problem of determining the proper jurisdiction in relation to access rules in mobile networks. The article notes that restricting access to the mobile network is part of the network law in some states. The traditional theory of international law jurisdiction can be applied to mobile network regulation. The author notes that some new jurisdictional theories are trying to solve the problem of network jurisdiction, but they have not received universal recognition from the international community. The article emphasizes that the principle of jurisdiction of access to the mobile network is based on the principle of territorial jurisdiction, which includes two concepts: territorial jurisdiction based on geography and territorial jurisdiction based on network characteristics. However, the definition of the principle of jurisdiction is actually based on mobile network access technologies.

The innovative research topic is presented in the article by M.A. Egorova. Her article “On the issue of the development of the main directions of legal regulation of digitalization of environmental safety in the context of global climate change for the purpose of developing business activity” analyzes the current legal approaches to the environmental agenda for business activity in the context of global digitalization. The author has made an attempt to identify ways to harmonize environmental safety requirements and the need to develop business activities using digital technologies in a crisis economy. Based on the results of the research, it is concluded that digital technologies should be used to prevent and minimize environmental risks in business activities.

The article by A.Ya. Ryzhenkov and D.E. Matytsin is devoted to the legal aspects of digitalization of the “green” economy. The article discusses possible areas of environmental digitalization and its importance for the country’s transition to green economy standards, shows the three most promising areas of digitalization of environmental protection in Russia, including legal protection of climate, environmental monitoring (and here the experience of the European Union countries is of interest), the importance of further development of maintaining registers of objects that have a negative impact on the environment, as well as registers of individual natural resources. Along with this, the transition to new formats of international cooperation in the field of digitalization is shown as one of the conditions for the transition to a “green” economy. It is noted that the recommendations can be applied in the preparation of regulations regarding processes of digitalization of nature conservation in Russia.

The issue ends with an article by Ashmika Agrawal, “Cybercrime related to electronic cards and bank fraud.” In the article, the author examines common cases of fraud in online banking and new types of fraud. Moreover, the article describes the different types of cards, their importance, uses, technologies, security issues, protection measures, rules, standards and legal issues associated with their application. The author also offers some recommendations to reduce fraud in the banking sector in the future.