Review of the actual issue

The second issue of the international scientific and practical journal “Law and Digital Economy” has been published in 2023.

The first article of the issue is “Application of a risk-based approach to managing the economic integration of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the context of the development of the digital economy” by                        N. E. Buletova, A. M. Gubin and Romanenko N.Yu. The article emphasizes that measuring and managing risk and uncertainty factors makes it possible to plan and ensure the achievement of priority goals of responding to the positive and negative consequences of globalization and strengthening national economic sovereignty. The authors substantiate the goals and priorities of interregional integration of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, define the content of the risk management system for economic integration of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, present the role of integration law in the development of domestic integration processes, and determine the content and procedure for calculating the digital maturity index of economic integration.

Article by Yue Qiang and Kichik K.V. is devoted to the research of the Russian rule of law strategy in the field of artificial intelligence. Based on the analysis of various regulatory legal documents, relevant expert opinions and assessments of scientists in the field of regulation of artificial intelligence in Russia, this article summarizes the characteristics of the Russian artificial intelligence industry and the problems reflected in related policies, and also provides an overview of the Russian government’s policy in the field of artificial intelligence.

The topic of the article written by Zvonova A.A is legal problems of using auction robots. The article notes that remote access to trading allows to expand the circle of potential participants and increase competition. The use of auction robots provides great opportunities for participants in electronic trading. At the same time, the number of implementations of unfair behavior schemes at auctions through the use of auction robots has recently increased significantly. The most common and serious violation is “digital collusion,” which leads to large-scale negative consequences. The author emphasizes that the mere use of special technical means during bidding by their participants does not constitute a violation of any rules. Moreover, the possibility of using electronic robots is a big step in technical progress and information technology to ensure the interests of subjects of civil legal relations.

An interesting topic for research is suggested by Osmanova D.O. Her article “Digital assets in the debtor’s bankruptcy estate” attempts to provide an answer to the question of the admissibility of including certain digital assets in the debtor’s bankruptcy estate – Big Data, cryptocurrency, accounts on social networks, accounts in online games, as well as personal pages in other applications with a cumulative system (bonus points, miles, etc.). The general rule, which allows to answer the question of the admissibility of including any property in the bankrupt’s estate (including that studied in the article), is the need to establish the economic value of the asset, due to which it is possible to satisfy the claims of independent creditors. In other words, if a particular object reveals property value, it must be included in the bankruptcy estate. The author notes that the proposed digital assets contain a similar component, which allows to be classified as the property of the debtor, through which the accumulated claims are satisfied, however, the features of such inclusion are differentiated depending on the specifics of the individual asset.

The article by Kubyshkin A.V. is devoted to the peculiarities of the method of legal regulation of genomic research. The article examines the essence and nature of genomic research through categories such as metascience, synergetics and convergence. The interaction of genomic research with the institutions of the modern information society in general, as well as the use of the achievements of modern information technologies in particular within the framework of genomic research, is considered. Taking into account the specifics of the relevant social relations, it is suggested that it is possible to use a special complex regulator i.e. a symbiotic regulator, which includes not only legal norms, but also ethical and moral norms.

Article by Larina T.Yu. covers the problems of international cooperation in the field of intellectual property in the context of digitalization. The article examines international cooperation in the field of intellectual property using the example of the multi-vector activities of the World Intellectual Property Organization in the field of digitalization of intellectual property, and presents the most promising software products developed by WIPO.

The issue concludes with an article by J. Bhakare and N. Bhakare “Financial inclusion in modern society in India and Russia – a review of legislation, policy and reality in an era of global economic and social change.” The article points out that financial inclusion comprehensively strengthens a country’s financial system through the fair distribution of economic resources. To achieve holistic economic progress and sustainable development of society, the results of development must reach all members of society. This can be achieved through policies and legislation aimed at increasing financial inclusion. The authors highlight that globalization has prompted the world and economies to rethink their laws and policies to focus on increasing financial inclusion. India and Russia have been trying to accomplish this for decades, but even today states have to make significant efforts to achieve success.