The fourth issue of the international scientific and practical journal “Law and Digital Economy” has been published in 2023.
The first article of the issue is “Digitalization of the state register of acts of civil status in Russia: problems and prospects” by Trofimets I.A. The article indicates that ongoing digital processes are changing the format of register information on acts of civil status. This fact generally corresponds to the general concept of public management of the information society. The author considers not only individual legal problems that occur during the digitalization of civil registration records and their inclusion in the new state information system, but also offers options for their legislative solution.
Article by Chelysheva N.Yu. is devoted to the problems of protecting the rights of citizens when using facial recognition technologies by government authorities. This article presents a comprehensive legal research of the current state of implementation and protection of a citizen’s right to use and process his image obtained through neurotechnology, regardless of the citizen’s consent. The author has established the features of protecting a citizen’s right to his own image in cases of applying facial recognition technologies to a citizen. At the end of the work, a conclusion is formulated about the need to develop in practice a mechanism for compensation for moral damage to citizens whose personal non-property rights and interests were violated as a result of an algorithmic error or other forms of incorrect operation of facial recognition technology applied to a citizen by decision of government authorities or other persons.
The topic of the article by Terentyeva L.V. is the concept of sustainable development in cyberspace through the prism of various aspects of governance and sovereignty. The article identifies the risks of the modern method of managing cyberspace, which is de facto concentrated in the hands of corporations located in the area of US jurisdiction; the interdependence of the concept of cyberspace management according to the model of multistakeholderism and the nihilistic concept of desovereignization of the state; the impossibility of forming a perception of cyberspace as terra nullius, a space free in whole or in part from the legal regulation of a particular state in conditions when cyberspace permeates all spheres of public life is substantiated; it has been proven that the concept of establishing sovereignty in cyberspace can only be built in relation to state-controlled space on the basis of a multilateral governance model, within which the decisive role in governance is assigned to the state.
S.I. Kodaneva suggested an interesting topic for her research. Her article “InsurTech in Russia and abroad: problems and prospects” attempts to analyze foreign and Russian practice of InsurTech development and identify obstacles to the introduction of digital innovations in the Russian insurance industry. Based on the results of the research, the author concludes that the low level of use of digital technologies in insurance is explained, first of all, by the unwillingness of Russian insurance companies to build partnerships with technology companies in order to achieve a synergistic effect from offering new complex products to customers. In addition, the inertia of the insurance industry is explained both by its overregulation and the complexity of internal procedures, which does not allow the rapid testing of new technologies. That is why it is necessary to quickly separate InsurTech into an independent direction and create its own regulatory sandboxes for it.
The article by A.S. Khvorostyana is devoted to digital platforms as strategic drivers of industrial development. The author considers digital platforms as a consequence of global digital transformation. This article, using a strategic benchmarking tool, presents the results of the implementation of digital platforms in the activities of the largest industrial companies.
The issue ends with Zhang Qingyu’s article “Norms on Managing the Metaverse.” The article points out that the social anomy of the metaverse in the areas of morality, economics, and security needs to be corrected. The metaverse regulatory structure embodies the concept of multiple governance, including internal control rules and external control rules. Internal control rules play a dominant role in the metaverse, and when they fail, the special intervention of external control rules is required. The author emphasizes that resolving ethical quandaries and maintaining a good and orderly spatial order depends on ethical rules and the autonomous rules of the metaverse.